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RACE

Re: RACE

Postby Happy Mom » Fri Jul 12, 2019 6:56 am

bubblyone wrote:Call me crazy, but why is the word racist involved in this conversation? A man is breaking into cars, someone calls 911, the police respond, a man is seen inside a car, the popo pull up, the police ask the person (still inside the car I presume) if is their car. The thief (let’s call it what it us...nobody has said it was his car) gets out of the car, with a purse and a knife, raises the knife, popo says stop, put the knife down, the thief does not comply, popo shoots. What is racist about this scenario? I think it is a case of right and wrong...but that’s just my interpretation I suppose.
Happy to report I have made my donation to Sgt O’Neill’s fund. Every time I hear the idiot Pete on tv, I am going to double back and make another donation.
Pete is the kid without a plan. He had no plan for the city...just ask his neighborhood. He can’t stand criticism, can’t stand free speech, is vindictive and is the most arrogant twirp this city has seen. I will grant you he speaks well, and is educated, this does not make presidential material. Voter beware.



Buttigieg rolls out Douglass Plan designed to combat systemic racism in U.S.

By Amy B. Wang The Washington Post 20 hrs ago


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Election 2020 Pete Buttigieg
In this July 7, 2019, photo, Democratic presidential candidate South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg speaks at the 25th Essence Festival in New Orleans. Buttigieg has a message for white liberals who decry racism: “Good intentions are not going to be enough.” The Democratic presidential candidate is combating perceptions that he’s out of touch with African Americans and will struggle to win their votes. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)

Gerald Herbert

South Bend Mayor and Democratic presidential candidate Pete Buttigieg on Thursday rolled out an ambitious policy plan to “dismantle racist structures and systems” in the United States, proposing changes to the country’s health, education and criminal justice systems that he hopes would amount to “a comprehensive investment in the empowerment of black America.”

Dubbed the Douglass Plan, after the abolitionist and activist Frederick Douglass, the plan is similar to what Buttigieg first outlined a month ago in an op-ed for the Charleston Chronicle in South Carolina.

The fuller announcement comes as the 2020 Democratic presidential candidate continues to try to make inroads with African-American voters.


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“We have lived in the shadow of systemic racism for too long,” Buttigieg said in a statement, citing a rise in white nationalism, a growing economic gap between black and white workers and worse health outcomes for African Americans in the United States. Those disparities, he added, “should make us all wonder how the richest country on Earth can allow this to happen under our noses.”

The 18-page plan includes proposals to establish health equity programs; to award a quarter of all government contracts to minority business owners; to reduce the incarceration rate by half at both the federal and state levels; and to “massively increase federal resources” for Title I schools.

Some of his proposals — such as increasing federal resources by $25 billion for historically black colleges and universities and other minority institutions; issuing new regulations to diversify the teaching profession; and setting a goal to triple the number of black entrepreneurs within a decade — are targeted specifically at minority communities.

Other aspects of the plan, such as doing away with the electoral college and replacing it with a national popular vote, are ideas Buttigieg already had been touting to general audiences on the campaign trail. Buttigieg likened the Douglass Plan in scope and ambition to “the Marshall Plan that rebuilt Europe after World War II.” :naughty: :naughty: :hand: :hand: :evil:

The plan rollout is Buttigieg’s latest effort to make his case to African-American voters, a demographic he has acknowledged he must win over after some dismal early poll numbers in South Carolina.

Those efforts were hampered last month after a white South Bend police officer fatally shot a black man, leading to protests and renewed scrutiny over Buttigieg’s mayoral record in the midsize Indiana city. The fallout from the shooting, just days before the first Democratic debate in Miami, led to Buttigieg being asked on stage why he hadn’t succeeded in increasing black representation on the South Bend police force over his two terms.

“Because I couldn’t get it done,” Buttigieg told the debate moderators soberly. “My community is in anguish . . . and I’m not allowed to take sides until the investigation comes back. The officer didn’t have his body camera on. It’s a mess. We are hurting.” :liar: :liar: :liar: :liar:

The Douglass Plan comes on the heels of Buttigieg unveiling a separate plan to encourage black entrepreneurship at the 2019 Essence Festival in New Orleans over the weekend.
https://www.southbendtribune.com/news/l ... kvLPcXHu1M
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Re: RACE

Postby Happy Mom » Sun Jul 14, 2019 8:19 am

CNN’s Axelrod Rips Buttigieg: Blacks Doing Worse Under His Leadership
Paras Griffin/Getty Images for ESSENCE

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By RYAN SAAVEDRA
@REALSAAVEDRA
July 12, 2019

CNN's David Axelrod slammed Democrat presidential candidate and current South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg on Friday, noting that blacks have fared worse under his leadership in South Bend.

"Axe, Pete Buttigieg says he's not interested in winning without black support," CNN's John Berman said. "The fact of the matter is he can't win without black support."

"Absolutely cannot. Absolutely cannot. African-Americans are about a quarter of the Democratic primary electorate," Axelrod responded. "Once you clear those early states of Iowa and New Hampshire, they come into play. And in South Carolina, 60 percent of the voters will be African-American. So, as a practical matter, he has to solve this problem or he's going to go back to South Bend."


"And that is a problem," Axelrod continued. "South Bend itself is a bit of a problem for him because even though he has this very far-reaching Douglass Plan to try and fight systemic racism in this country, there are troubling issues back home about police staffing, which African-Americans dropped by half under his watch, and on city contracting, where African-American — where minority businesses have done rather poorly in sharing in the business of the city, even though 40 percent of the city is black and Hispanic. These are questions that I asked him."

"We had some interesting exchanges on it. And, you know, he has to solve it," Axelrod added. "And I think his campaign knows he has to solve it, which is one reasons why he was out there with an 18-page plan yesterday to try and deal with a whole range of issues affecting the community."


Axelrod concluded by noting that people are going to look at what Buttigieg has done with the community in South Bend and that there are going to be problems when they see how he has interacted with the black community.


"And, you know, he had a series of issues. He fired a popular black police chief. It was because of an investigation. But, nonetheless, it was a controversial decision," Axelrod continued. "He tore down 1,000 abandoned homes, many of them in poor minority communities, and that was meant to remove blight. But there was quite a bit of resistance because now there are these vacant lots in the community. So, you know, there are a lot of issues that he has to confront there."

https://www.dailywire.com/news/49462/cn ... n-saavedra
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Re: RACE

Postby Happy Mom » Sun Jul 14, 2019 1:43 pm

They are cowards hiding their faces just like the terrorist group ANTIFA

Black Lives Matter rally in South Bend calls for unity and police reform
By Victoria St. Martin South Bend Tribune 7 hrs ago

Black Lives Matter rally

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Attendees at a rally organized by Black Lives Matter and BlackTavists on Saturday carry signs at the Jon R. Hunt Plaza in South Bend.

Tribune Photo/ROBERT FRANKLIN

SOUTH BEND — Local members of Black Lives Matter joined supporters and colleagues from other parts of Indiana in a downtown rally that featured calls for unity and pleas for police reform.


About 50 people gathered at the Jon R. Hunt Plaza in front of the Morris Performing Arts Center for the event, which was also hosted by a local group called BlackTavists. Organizers distributed a flyer that spelled out several demands, including financial compensation from the city for the family of Eric Logan, stronger body camera and use-of-force policies for officers, the creation of a Civilian Review Board to help with police oversight and the assignment of a special prosecutor to all investigations of possible crimes by officers.

The rally came nearly a month after the fatal shooting of Logan by South Bend officer Ryan O’Neill. Authorities have said Logan approached the officer with a raised knife and ignored multiple orders to drop it. O’Neill, investigating reports of car break-ins at the time, did not turn on his body camera prior to the incident.

Rally attendees carried “Black Lives Matters” flags and posters, as well as signs that read, “Justice for Eric Logan,” and “Do The Right Thing Pete,” referring to Mayor Pete Buttigieg.


Several African-American women spoke to the group about their personal encounters with police. Katheryn Redding, 36, noted that officers have training and programs on use of force and related issues but added, “The officers have to admit that they have a problem for these programs to be effective.”

Logan’s brother, Tyree Bonds, 52, talked about issues beyond law enforcement, arguing that long-rooted problems such as poverty and homelessness affect people of all races. And South Bend residents, he said, are desperate for new economic opportunities.

“The struggle is real,” he said. “I’ts not just one color. It’s every color.”

Common Council member Regina Williams-Preston also pointed to broader issues, finding a connection to a recent protest over conditions in immigrant detention camps and the chant of “No kids in cages.” She tied the issue to the detention of teens at the Juvenile Justice Center.

“We’ve got kids in cages right here in South Bend,” she said. “These issues are inter-connected...The fear is real.”

Nearly two dozen police cars were parked behind and on the side of the Morris during the rally, though no uniformed officers were visible near the event.

One attendee, Tonna Robinson, wore a pin that read, “Stand with Black Women.” The 38-year-old said she drove from Elkhart to South Bend to literally stand between protesters and officers during the rally.

“I’m going to use my body to shield black bodies,” said Robinson. “I do stand with black women.”

There were no confrontations for Robinson to stand between, and all remained quiet during the intimate event, which was highlighted by visits of members of Black Lives Matter organizers from Gary and Fort Wayne.

After the rally, attendees marched to the City-County Building as they chanted, “Fight back” and “No justice, no peace.”

Williams-Preston added that every protester who attended the rally was “taking a risk.”

“Everyone who stood up today will be on the news tonight,” she said. “They’re putting themselves out there to stand up for justice and that comes with a price. Maybe it’s fear of your life, feedback on your job. Maybe it’s falling out with friends and family. Anytime you stand up for justice it comes with a price.”
:liar: :liar: :liar: :naughty:


vstmartin@sbtinfo.com 574-235-6234 @VStMartin

https://www.southbendtribune.com/news/l ... vyMN89mBa4
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Re: RACE

Postby Happy Mom » Sat Jul 27, 2019 8:56 am

“My generation saw us elect our first black president and then turn around and elect a racist to the White House — and we ought to call it what it is,” Mayor Buttigieg said in Indianapolis today.


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Re: RACE

Postby Happy Mom » Fri Aug 09, 2019 4:58 pm

Researchers Find No Racial Disparity in Police Deadly Force…and That’s Just the Beginning.
BYVON KLIEMFORCE SCIENCE NEWS1

American Police are not systematically engaged in racially biased shootings. There is no epidemic of police shooting unarmed citizens, of any race. And, errors in police deadly force decision making (cases in which police shoot unarmed, non-attacking citizens) occur at a rate of about one in a million. And realistically, it’s probably much lower than that.

These findings, and others, were recently reported by faculty at Michigan State University and the University of Maryland at College Park. In separate studies, which analyzed police shootings over one- and two-year periods, these researchers answered, “What factors predict the race of a person fatally shot by police?”

Many of you are familiar with the findings of the published Michigan State and University of Maryland study. The report, titled Officer characteristics and racial disparities in fatal officer-involved shootings,1 received widespread notoriety in national media and police publications.

But this latest publication was not the only source that detailed research findings on this critical topic. In this article, we review the methods and findings of that one-year study and bring you additional insights, particularly those of Dr. Joseph Cesario,2 stemming from a larger two-year study and the interviews that followed.

The One-Year Study
After reviewing 917 fatal police shootings from across the country, the largest database of its kind for a single year study (2015), researchers made several important observations. First, between 90 and 95 percent of civilians shot were attacking police or others. For purposes of the study, civilians were not considered as “attacking” the police unless they were armed or actively struggling. Merely advancing toward the officer, no matter how threatening, was not included in the definition of “attack.”

Researchers also found that 90 percent of civilians shot by the police in 2015 were “armed.” Notably, the definition of “armed” did not include civilians attempting to take an officer’s gun. Adding attempted disarmings to the definition would have slightly raised this percentage.

In their report, researchers tackled two important questions head-on: Do white officers disproportionately fatally shoot racial minorities? And, which factor most strongly correlates to the race of the person fatally shot by the police? Their conclusions? There was no evidence of anti-Black or anti-Hispanic disparity in police shootings by white officers, or any other officers.

Instead, the factor that correlated most strongly to the race of the person fatally shot was the violent crime rate of their racial group.

The factor that correlated most strongly to the race of the person fatally shot was the violent crime rate of their racial group.

The Two-Year Study
In 2018, Dr. Cesario and his colleagues published a separate but related study that analyzed two years (2015-2016) worth of fatal police shooting data.3 Here too, after analyzing over 1500 police shootings, the researchers concluded that after adjusting for crime:

There is no evidence of systematic anti-Black disparities in overall fatal shootings.
There is no evidence of systematic anti-Black disparities in fatal shootings of unarmed citizens.
There is no evidence of systematic anti-Black disparities in fatal shootings involving misidentification of objects as weapons.
Many of you are not surprised by these findings. They confirm what you already knew. But the importance of this research doesn’t just lie in the conclusions, it lies in its methodology.


The Right “Benchmark”
A group’s representation in the overall population continues to be the most common benchmark used to argue that racial disparity or bias exists. If Blacks represent 13% of the population, then any representation in the criminal justice system above 13% is offered as evidence of racial disparity. Using this metric almost guarantees a finding of racial disparity (and allegations of racial bias) in every aspect of the criminal justice system.

Dr. Cesario outright rejects census representation as the benchmark by which to determine racial disparity in police shootings. According to Dr. Cesario, using the overall population metric assumes that all citizens are equally likely to be exposed to situations in which deadly force is used.

Given that police use of deadly force is strongly tied to crime-related contexts, the more correct benchmark to calculate racial disparity is not population proportions, but instead rates of police exposure by that racial group. In other words, when analyzing the number of Blacks shot by police, it becomes irrelevant that Blacks represent only 13% of the overall population, if they represent a different percentage of people exposed to the police through criminal activity.

To estimate the rate of police exposure, Dr. Cesario and his team compared criminal activity of Blacks and Whites from four sources:

the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Summary Report System,
the FBI’s National Incident-Based Reporting System,
the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ National Crime Victimization Survey, and
the Centers for Disease Control’s homicide database.
Some have argued that potential bias in discretionary stops (“stop and frisk”) may lead to more police interactions with black citizens and therefore more deadly force encounters. Researchers acknowledged this concern and noted, “[T]he number of police shootings that start with truly discretionary stops of citizens who have not violated the law is low ( ~ 5%) and probably do not meaningfully impact [our] analysis.”

Even so, researchers took additional steps to alleviate concerns that the FBI’s policing data may be subject to racial bias. The Crime Victimization Survey and the Center for Disease Control data—data sets uncontaminated by police bias—were compared with the FBI’s policing data and the results were consistent.

After accounting for estimated rates of police exposure, Whites were either more likely to be fatally shot by police or police showed no significant disparity in either direction.

“[T]he number of police shootings that start with truly discretionary stops of citizens who have not violated the law is low ( ~ 5%) and probably do not meaningfully impact [our] analysis.”

Dr. Joseph Cesario
Rejecting Census Statistics is Not New.
Dr. Cesario and his colleagues were not the first to reject census-based benchmarks. In finding that racial bias did not exist in police shootings, Economist and Harvard professor Roland Fryer, also recognized the difficulty of analyzing data through a population-based approach. In his report, Prof. Fryer cites sociologists who similarly rejected the population-based approach, quoting one as saying, “racial/ethnic groups are not equivalent in the nature and extent of their…law violating behavior.”4

In The War on Cops (2016), Heather Mac Donald, the Thomas W. Smith Fellow at the Manhattan Institute, vigorously rejected population-based disparity studies.5 In her New York Times bestseller, Mac Donald convincingly argued that crime, not race, is responsible for police action. Favorably citing the Michigan State and University of Maryland study, Heather Mac Donald advanced her position in a recent article, There Is No Epidemic of Racist Police Shootings, published in National Review Online.

Despite the efforts of researchers like Cesario, Fryer, and Mac Donald, proponents of police reform continued to rely on population-based statistics to justify findings of racial disparity or bias. Police agencies are familiar with the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division’s past use of population-based comparisons in its search for systemic civil rights violations. These highly controversial findings were offered as “evidence” of unconstitutional racial discrimination and then leveraged against police departments to enter costly and lengthy consent decrees; some of which remain in effect today.

Beyond the Report: The Manifold Interview
In a recent interview recorded for Michigan State University’s Manifold podcast, Dr. Cesario was invited to discuss his research. The interview went beyond racial disparity in police use of deadly force and included discussions of non-lethal force bias, stop and frisk data, police decision making error rates, implicit bias, the “Ferguson effect,” and publication bias.

The interviewers were accomplished researchers holding PhDs in Neuroscience, Philosophy, and Theoretical Physics. They were quite capable of intelligently challenging Dr. Cesario’s findings—and they did.

Dr. Cesario was confronted with thoughtful questions and persistent “push back” to his findings. Even so, his responses demonstrated a mastery of the subject. He was detailed, but most of all, convincing.

This article was written in part to direct readers to the full interview, which I encourage you to listen to. For now, let me offer some compelling highlights.


Joe Cesario on Police Decision Making and Racial Bias in Deadly Force Decisions
View Resources

Manifold Highlights
Dr. Cesario began by explaining the logical fallacy and, therefore, irrelevance of population-based comparisons. Using examples outside of Criminal Justice, Dr. Cesario maintained that population proportion is the wrong benchmark in virtually every study of group outcomes. He observed, “Comparing to a group’s population level is almost always not going to tell you anything about bias in the decision-making process.”6 Understanding the proper benchmark for disparity research is a foundational first-step for anyone hoping to meaningfully assess the need for criminal justice, or more specifically, police reform.

In another observation, Dr. Cesario confirmed that some data sets involving non-lethal use of force do show an anti-Black bias. He puts that finding into perspective as he notes, in cases where anti-Black bias is observed, it is “really quite small.”

To make his point, Dr. Cesario looks at the Taser use data by the Center for Policing Equity, which the Center offers as evidence of a 1.5 times higher likelihood that black citizens will be tased during an arrest. He cautions that the meaning behind these numbers is frequently misunderstood in that, a 1.5 times higher likelihood of being tased equates to about 6 black citizens out of 1000 arrests who get tasered, versus about 4 black citizens out of 1000 arrests if bias had not impacted the decisions.

What are the chances of getting shot by the police through no fault of your own? Dr. Cesario looked at error rates relative to shooting unarmed, non-assaultive citizens. To make his point, Dr. Cesario crunched the numbers for the worst-case scenario, giving no benefit of the doubt to the police. By this measure, he identified roughly 50 times in which the police shot unarmed, non-assaultive citizens in 2015. He then compared that number against the minimum number of person-police encounters, roughly 50 million. The result? The chances of an unarmed person, who is not aggressing the officer, being fatally shot is .0001%, or one in a million. Dr. Cesario notes, “It’s an incredibly small error rate for what is an exceptionally dangerous and difficult decision that officers have to make. It’s probably … half or even less than that error rate if we are being more generous to the police.”

“It’s an incredibly small error rate for what is an exceptionally dangerous and difficult decision that officers have to make. It’s probably … half or even less than that error rate if we are being more generous to the police.”

Dr. Joseph Cesario
Proceed with Caution
When Officer characteristics and racial disparities in fatal officer-involved shootings was published, there was an understandable rush to report the findings. For those who have been arguing against the existence of racial bias in police shootings, this was a welcome confirmation.

I would close by reminding readers that community outrage and mistrust are emotional events. As I noted in How to Defend American Policing, among the audience we hope to persuade are some of the most educated and patriotic of Americans.7 Proceed with caution. Their feelings can be a sincere reaction to misleading, sensationalized, and politically distorted accounts of police conduct. In the face of fear and outrage, persuasion doesn’t start with facts.

In the face of fear and outrage, persuasion doesn’t start with facts.

The experience of Dr. Cesario and his colleagues confirms this observation and reminds us that biased interest groups can be found in universities, publishing offices, and among our most highly educated researchers.

When asked how psychologists and criminologists are reacting to his research, Dr. Cesario’s response is sadly not surprising, “It has not been positive among people who study fatal police shootings, …, because it’s undermining what their research finds.” When reminded that it can be difficult to get someone to understand something when their salary depends on not understanding it, Dr. Cesario added, “Actually, it’s salary and reputation, …, and in some sense even more important, their life’s work.”

The Number One Way to Reduce Fatal Shootings
When asked what he would say to someone trying to reduce fatal shootings of black men, Dr. Cesario was direct:

“[T]he number one way to reduce fatal shootings of anybody, black or white citizens or Hispanic citizens, …, the number one thing is reduction in crime,…not being involved in criminal activity is far and away the best way to not be shot by the police.”

Dr. Joseph Cesario
Simple…but not easy.

https://www.forcescience.org/2019/08/re ... 179M3OFQDs
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